Frac’ing and Lies Heating up in Manitoba: Oil & Gas Review 2014

Manitoba Oil & Gas Review 2014, Serving Manitoba’s Oil and Gas Industry by , 2014, DEL Communications Inc.

The Big Lie Continues: The Manitoba Petroleum Branch lies like oil and gas ministries/agencies/regulators do across Canada. From Page 19:

2014 Lie by Petroleum Branch in Fracking in Manitoba in Oil & Gas Review 2014

2014 Fracking in Manitoba

2014 Manitoba Oil & Gas Review Cover

[Refer also to:

January 22, 2014: Alberta’s Troubling “Directive 83” Could Create Precedent for Drilling in Manitoba

February 5, 2013: Hydraulic Fracturing in Canada, Federal Environment Commissioner Scott Vaughan Reports Concerns, List of Fracking Substances in Canada Still Secret

July 3, 2013: Fracking on the rise in Manitoba, Not as dirty as American but regulation lacking

2012 snap diagram from presentation by Fox and Nicolas Manitoba Petroleum Branch shallow Biogenic shales 100 m to 720 m deep

2012 snap map from presentation by Fox and Nicolas Manitoba Petroleum Branch shallow Bakken Torquay Play 360 m

Above two snaps from 2012 Presentation by Michelle P.B. Nicolas and John N. Fox, Manitoba Innovation, Energy and Mines

2010 Table GS 14 3 Extremely shallow shales in MB

Table GS-14-3 from Shallow unconventional Cretaceous shale gas in southwestern Manitoba: an update by Nicolas et al, 2010

2008 biogenic shallow shale gas in manitoba Nicolas and Bamburak

Snap above from 2008 Presentation by Michelle P.B. Nicolas and James D. Bamburak

Manitoba’s Shallow Unconventional Shale Gas Project by the Manitoba Geological Survey, 2008 to current

2004 Manitoba oil and gas areas with high casing leaks

Map from 2004 Informational Notice 04 – 02, Wells with casing leaks Manitoba  Industry, Economic Development and Mines

1989 Krooyman et al Canada fracs propagated into underlying water zone in several oil wells

Slide above from Ernst presentations

There are too many big companies out here now, competing for monopoly. There was adeliberate dump last year right beside a well and uphill from a nearby creek.The company left it for the creek to clean up.

Carlyle Jorgensen, Cromer Manitoba Farmer15

4. ... A 1989 peer-reviewed paper reported that“hydraulic fracturing stimulation” for light oil, in several wells in a low permeable sandstone reservoir in southwest Manitoba, propagated into the underlying water zone:

Following the unsuccessful stimulation of several wells in the South Pierson field where hydraulic fractures propagated into the underlying water zone, a comprehensive re-evaluationand detailed design effort was implemented to minimize the potential for water production. … Ideally, the hydraulic fracture created should extend laterally within the zone of interest, however, it is well known that substantial vertical fracture propagation may also occur, significantly impacting the success of the treatment. Complicating factors such as underlyingwater zones or overlying gas sections can be easily penetrated and subsequently reduce or eliminate any sought after oil production.18

5. In 2010, the Canadian oil and gas industry advertised: “Fact: Fracturing has not been found to have caused damage to groundwater resources”19 and EnCana advertised a year later: “In use for more than 60 years throughout the oil and gas industry, there are no documented cases of groundwater contamination related to the hydraulic fracturing process.” [Emphasis added]

Above text copied from:

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