“Devastating Domino Effect?” 5.0M Earthquake Causes “Substantial Damages” to 40-50 Buildings in Downtown Cushing, Rattles Residents Across State; Felt as far away as Johnson City, TN, 1297 km away


Officials Update Cushing Earthquake Situation While Clean-Up Begins by News9, November 7, 2016

CUSHING, Oklahoma – An official says 40 to 50 buildings in Cushing, Oklahoma, sustained “substantial damage” in an earthquake Sunday night.

Cushing City Manager Steve Spears said Monday that the damage from the magnitude 5.0 earthquake includes cracks in buildings and fallen bricks and facades. He says access to the worst-hit areas remains restricted as crews continue to assess the damage.

No major injuries have been reported.

Residents of one Cushing apartment complex are in a shelter after their building was damaged during Sunday night’s 5.0 earthquake. The quake caused walls to topple and ceilings to collapse.

The downtown area saw the most damage. The city manager said most of the buildings were built in the early 1900s.

Building inspectors and other safety crews are surveying the damage. One building inspector said the city will do a walk-through with an engineer at 7 a.m., and the barricades will be up for at least the rest of the day. To report damage call (918) 306-4151.

The city is going to continue to assess the damage here downtown, especially with the sun coming up they will be able to see a lot more. They are also talking to the oil companies about the storage facility here in town, but there haven’t been any reports of damage so far. The oil companies are conducting their own assessments.

The Oil and Gas Division (OGCD) of the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) is working on an action plan to further modify Arbuckle disposal well operations in the area of the 5.0 (USGS), 4.6(OGS) earthquake [Why the big difference in size of the quake? Is the oil and gas industry putting heat on the OGS? Did the oil and gas industry/politicians pressure the USGS to downgrade the quake from 5.3M to 5.0?] that struck the Cushing area last night. Details will be announced as soon as the plan is finalized. The OCC’s Pipeline Safety Department reports normal operation has resumed for pipeline operators in the Cushing oil storage terminal under state jurisdiction. [Emphasis added]

‘It felt like a train was going right through the building’: Earthquake near Oklahoma oil storage hub by Justin Juozapavicius, The Associated Press, November 11, 2016, Calgary Herald

CUSHING, Okla. — A magnitude 5.0 earthquake centred near one of the world’s key oil hubs brought down building facades and shattered windows in the latest Oklahoma town rattled by increasingly strong quakes.

Cushing Assistant City Manager Jeremy Frazier told a news conference late Sunday that a few minor injuries were reported. He said the damage appeared to be contained to downtown, where piles of debris sat at the base of some commercial buildings.

Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin says there are no immediate reports of damage at a major oil storage hub.

Fallin tweeted that officials in Cushing are checking for building damage and natural gas leaks following Sunday night’s quake.

The governor says no damage was reported at the storage tanks at Cushing’s oil storage terminal, which as of last month held 58.5 million barrels of crude oil.

Fallin also tweeted that about 40 residents of the Cimarron Towers assisted living centre are staying at a shelter because of damage to the building.

Fearing aftershocks, police cordoned off older parts of the city to keep gawkers away. Frazier said an assisted living community had been evacuated after damage was reported. The Cushing Public School District cancelled Monday classes.

“Stay out of the area,” said City Manager Steve Spears, who noted that while some damage was superficial, compromised foundations and other potential problems would be difficult to assess until daylight in the city of 7,900 about 80 kilometres northeast of Oklahoma City.

The Oklahoma Department of Transportation reported Sunday night that no highway or bridge damage was found within a 24-kilometre radius of the earthquake’s epicentre.

The Oklahoma Corporation Commission said it and the Oklahoma Geological Survey were investigating after the quake, which struck at 7:44 p.m. Sunday and was felt as far away as Iowa, Illinois and Texas. The U.S. Geological Survey initially said Sunday’s quake was of magnitude 5.3 but later lowered the reading to 5.0.

Oklahoma has had thousands of earthquakes in recent years, with nearly all traced to the underground injection of wastewater left over from oil and gas production. [And how many caused directly by hydraulic fracturing?] Sunday’s quake was centred 1.6 kilometres west of Cushing — and about 40 kilometres south of where a magnitude 4.3 quake forced a shutdown of several wells last week.

“I thought my whole trailer was going to tip over, it was shaking it so bad,” said Cushing resident Cindy Roe, 50. “It was loud and all the lights went out and you could hear things falling on the ground.

“It was awful and I don’t want to have another one.”

Cushing’s oil storage terminal is one of the world’s largest. The community bills itself as the “Pipeline Crossroads of the World.”

Frazier said two pipeline companies had reported no trouble as of late Sunday but that the community hadn’t heard from all companies.

Megan Gustafson and Jonathan Gillespie were working at a Cushing McDonald’s when the quake hit.

“It felt like a train was going right through the building, actually,” Gustafson, 17, said Sunday night as she and her co-workers stood behind a police barricade downtown, looking for damage. “I kind of freaked out and was hyperventilating a bit.”

Gillespie described the building as shaking for about 10 seconds or so. But he said he wasn’t as alarmed as Gustafson because he lives in an area that has experienced multiple earthquakes, especially in recent years.

“I didn’t think it was anything new,” he said.

According to USGS data, there have been 19 earthquakes in Oklahoma in the past week. When particularly strong quakes hit, the Oklahoma Corporation Commission directs well operators to seize wastewater injections or reduce volume. [It’s not helping stop big quakes, is it?]

A 5.8 earthquake — a record for Oklahoma — hit Pawnee on Sept. 3. Shortly afterward, geologists speculated on whether the temblor occurred on a previously unknown fault.

“I was at home doing some work in my office and, basically, you could feel the whole house sway some. It’s beginning to become normal,” Spears, the Cushing city manager, said Sunday night. “Nothing surprises you anyway.” [Emphasis added]

USGS: M5.0 – 2km W of Cushing, Oklahoma
2016-11-07 01:44:24 UTC 35.984°N 96.798°W 5.0 km depth

USGS statement on the 5.0M earthquake near Cushing, Ok


Earthquake in Oklahoma: Video of driving tour around Cushing shows quake damage to buildings by KJRH, Nov 7, 2016



Building in Cushing, Okla, with wall collapsed by 5.0M earthquake

CUSHING, Okla. – A magnitude 5.0 earthquake rattled Oklahoma Sunday night, leaving damage in this Payne Co. community.

A wall collapsed, windows broke and debris on the sidewalks of downtown Cushing could be seen Monday morning as emergency management officials accessed the scene.

The quake struck around 7:45 p.m. Sunday.

Watch the video in the player above for driving tour of the damage from Jon Haverfield inside our Mobile Storm Chaser truck.

Major Quake Strikes Cushing, Oklahoma – Near US’ Largest Oil Storage Facility by Tyler Durden, Nov 6, 2016 10:09 PM


2016-11-07-ok-largest-earthquakesShortly after 1945 local time, a strong 5.0 magnitude earthquake struck some 50 mile northeast of Oklahmoa City. The nearby town of Cushing, home of America’s largest oil storage facility, experienced structural damage and lost power.

This was Oklahoma’s 5th largest quake..

As a reminder, several energy producers, and also the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, are facing lawsuits because of seismic activity allegedly linked to oilfield wastewater disposal in Oklahoma and other states [Emphasis added]

Large earthquake felt all over Oklahoma, damage reported by KFOR, November 6, 2016


Investor Village comments to the 5.0M quake in Cushing November 6, 2016

Kevin Stump from OK
“Worst earthquake I have ever felt! Power is out [redacted] is broken shelves are down.” -my mom in Cushing.

My dad, who works at a natural gas plant in Cushing: “Nothing blew up, so I guess we’re ok”

Re: Kevin Stump from OK
Kevin Stump ‏@StumpStumpStump 5m5 minutes ago
Downtown Cushing being evacuated. That may be a wrap on the photos from my mom tonight.

Re: 5+ magnitude quake near Cushing, OK
Doesn’t look like enough damage to matter, it is in the wrong place. Now if we get damage like that in Edmond, North OKC or any of the areas where the wealthy live, then the shit will hit the fan. Cushing is a small town population of 7.800.

It will make the news and then dissipate like a fart in the wind. Now if a pipe or two broke and spilled out or ruptured and caught fire that would get some attention. But we have had quakes that have done damage before in the rural parts of OK and it just does not seem to matter.


Re: 5+ magnitude quake near Cushing, OK
I’m not part of the energy industry so I have no context for what this might do to storage in Cushing… but with a quake hitting that close to it, had to post the news. And the increase in quakes has to make some industry people just a little itchy, doesn’t it?

Re: 5+ magnitude quake near Cushing, OK

Sure people don’t like it but Oklahoman’s are tough you have to be with the yearly tornadoes we have. But more importantly the energy industry has been the industry that made many Oklahoman’s rich and has concentrated the power in the hands of the few.

It is hard to bite the hand that feeds you. I mean there have been several quakes that have done damage in Perry and Luther both small towns and the trembles here in the city are felt often enough but they happen so frequently and no damage has been done in the city. So the news crews go out to the small town the day after and talk about the damage. The people talk, a few more injection wells get shut in and life goes on…

Yeah I have no doubt that it will be on the news, people will talk and they will interview a few scared panicky women. They may even interview some people who sustained damage in Cushing. You will here talk about something needs to be done, something should be done. Might even have an editorial or two on the 5 o’clock news. But unless something dramatic happens like a pipeline spills a lot of oil or some tanks catch fire. I do not think this quake will matter any more than the thousands we have had already and I do not think it will matter any more than the others that caused damage in other small towns. ,

But if you here about serious quakes in Edmond, North OKC, Norman, Nichols Hills changes will happen quickly and it is time to sell stocks like Devon, CHK and any other company large or small that depends on producing in Oklahoma. Till then those with the money make the rules and they are not interested in shutting production down, in Oklahoma.


Re: 5+ magnitude quake near Cushing, OK
What is the definition of insanity?

Cushing Assesses Earthquake Damage In Daylight by Chris Gilmore, November 7, 2016, News9

CUSHING, Oklahoma – Crews are surveying extensive damage left behind from a 5.0 of magnitude earthquake in Payne County.

In downtown Cushing, there is everything from moderate to severe damage.

Cushing Public Schools has gone ahead and canceled classes for the day.

Additionally several city buildings will be closed today due to damage from the earthquake. Cushing Senior Citizens Center, Cushing Public Library, and the Cushing Youth Center will be closed as crews work to repair and clean up damages.

For anyone who was displaced by the earthquake, the Red Cross has set up a shelter at the Cushing Youth Center on S Little Ave. [Emphasis added]

2.9 Quake Shakes Near Nicoma Park by Cole Poland, November 7, 2016, News9

NICOMA PARK, Oklahoma – A 2.9 magnitude earthquake rattled homes in and around the Nicoma Park area about 2:45 Monday morning.

The quake registered at just over four miles deep.

So far, there are no reports of damage and injuries. [Emphasis added]

WATCH: Large Earthquake Damages Downtown Cushing, Rattles Residents Across The State by Leighanne Manwarren, November 6, 2016 (updated November 7), News9

CUSHING, Oklahoma – An earthquake rattled residents Sunday night all over the state of Oklahoma and caused “significant damage” to downtown Cushing.

The U.S. Geological Survey initially reported the quake as a 5.3 magnitude but downgraded it to a 5.0 magnitude.

The earthquake happened at 7:44 p.m. Its epicenter was reported about one mile west of Cushing, 16 miles east, southeast of Stillwater and 53 miles northeast of Oklahoma City. The earthquake was less than four miles deep.

The Cushing Fire Department told News 9 no one has been taken to the hospital due to injuries at this time, but downtown Cushing suffered “significant damage.”

The state emergency management office said there has been major damage reported at a senior living apartment complex in Cushing.

The American Red Cross has set up a shelter at the Cushing Youth Center, 7 S Little Ave., for anyone displaced by the earthquake damage. They are supplying cots, blankets and food.

Cushing Schools canceled Monday classes to assess earthquake damage and to ensure the safety of its students. Faculty and staff have been asked to check with building principals for instructions.

Cushing police evacuated the downtown area due to reports of gas line leaks and infrastructure checks. City officials said the leaks have been contained.

City officials asked Oklahomans to not go into the downtown area until the damage has been surveyed and the area is deemed safe.

The Oklahoma Corporation Commission and Oklahoma Geological Survey are working to evaluate the earthquake and assess the infrastructure.

The pipeline operators in the Cushing oil storage terminal under state jurisdiction said there have been no immediate reports of any problems.

Cushing residents were without power for about two hours after the quake. Power has since been restored.

Nearly the exact same area also experienced 2.6 magnitude aftershock around 10:30 p.m. At about 1:30 a.m., a 3.8 magnitude quake struck about 15 miles southeast of Waynoka in northwest Oklahoma.

The Cushing Senior Citizens Center, Cushing Public Library and the Cushing Youth Center will be closed Monday as crews work to repair and clean up damages caused by yesterday’s earthquake.

A few of the comments:

Scott Schroder · Augustana College – Illinois
When is your foolish state going to ban fracking? You are destroying your own state.

Katie Rogers
Nervous because of that tank farm.

Stephen Marino
More so about the pipelines.

Eddie C Edwards · Customer Service Manager at Works at El Reno Walmart Super Center
Felt a real strong shaking in Geary. Whole house was rocking

Chris Brown
Felt in Hutchinson ks.

Barbara Klein
House in Warr Acres flexed like crazy; not loud and sharp like some. But where did Channel 9 get the initial report of 3.8 in Spencer?

Stephen Marino
I think, Spencer was a different quake.

Karen Howe Powell · Works at Retired
Felt in Columbia, MO

Joanna Yohe · Edmond Memorial High School
WOW!! I’m in Shawnee Ok about 40mi E of OKC

James Wingo
Felt in Wichita Falls (TX)

Michael Cross · Denison High School
I felt it all the way in St. Joseph Missouri

Lucy Greene-ingram
Felt it in Midwest City, Oklahoma! Lasted a really long time!

Roderick Treadaway · Harding Fine Arts Academy
Felt that one out on Nashville Tenn.

Linda Girtman · Memphis, TN
Felt in Fayetteville, Arkansas

Tom Pierce · University of Central Oklahoma
Cushing is a MAJOR oil pipeline hub.
Major damage to that infrastructure could cause negative ripples in the country’s economy.

Stephen Marino
More important than the economy, it could cause permanent ecological damage.

Cheryl Marrs
Cushing is a major storage facility.

Charles Jernigan · The University of Tulsa
Stephen Marino That isn’t in the same league as the economic disruption and harm that would ensue if the nexis of the United States pipeline infrastructure fail. How dumb are you?

Stephen Marino
Charles Jernigan, The economy is not that important. Any dip caused would correct in a few months at most. An oil dump of that scale would take many years to clean up and cost many billions of dollars, if not more.

Earthquake Causes Major Damage In Downtown Cushing by News9, November 6, 2016

TULSA, Oklahoma – The Cushing Fire Department says there is significant damage to downtown Cushing, but it says it has not transported anyone to the hospital for injuries.
The preliminary indication is that it was a 5.3 magnitude centered near Cushing. The US Geological Survey later downgraded it to 5.0.

The quake hit at 7:44 p.m. on November 6, 2016.

The quake damaged the Cimarron Towers senior living apartments. Part of the building collapsed. The residents have been moved to other areas in Cushing including the Cushing Youth Center. The First Presbyterian Church in Cushing also sustained some damage inside with plaster falling in the sanctuary.

Cushing Schools canceled classes for Monday in order to assess damage. Emergency managers said the town’s hospital and hotels are not damaged, but they’re concerned about the structural integrity of all the buildings in downtown. Those buildings were built in the early 1900s.

The quake knocked out power to much of the town for about 20 minutes, according to residents. The Red Cross arrived to help people who were evacuated.

The Oklahoma Corporation Commission released the following statement on the quake:

“The Oil and Gas Division (OGCD) of the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) and the Oklahoma Geological Survey is working on evaluating the earthquake that struck in the Cushing area this evening, currently placed at a 5.0 magnitude. The OCC’s Pipeline Safety Department has been in contact with pipeline operators in the Cushing oil storage terminal under state jurisdiction and there have been no immediate reports of any problems. The assessment of the infrastructure continues.”

We’ve received reports from people in Stillwater, Porter, Tulsa, Claremore and Locust Grove to name just a few towns who say they felt it. They describe a low rumble and say the quake lasted for at least 30 seconds.

“We live at 115th South and Sheridan and felt it, whole house shook,” Barbara Blanchard posted on the News On 6 Facebook page.

Ross Watson in Sapulpa posted, “Came on strong & had a strange sound, like high winds. House was popping & creaking, everything shook. Seemed to last about 35-40 seconds at least.”

“I thought at first someone was opening up my screen door to come in, then it starting shaking. I should be used to them after living in California and the Aleutian island…lol,” posted Barbara Jensen Tefft in Coffeyville, Kansas.

Samantha Perry McAlester posted, “Strong quake shook the whole house and roused my children out of their beds. Started strong and tapered off. Lasted almost a minute here.”

People as far away as St. Louis, Birmingham, Alabama, Dallas-Ft. Worth and even Iowa reported feeling it. [Emphasis added]

[Refer also to:

USGS Study: Oil drilling may have caused 1933 California 6.4M Long Beach earthquake that killed about 120 people and caused massive damages. “There may be no upper limit” to the size of earthquakes caused by the oil industr

USGS links Oklahoma’s 5.1M (third largest) earthquake to oil-field disposal wells more than 7 miles away

“Minimal Damage?” Frac waste quakes in Oklahoma keep rising, 4.1M felt 801 km away. Press not reporting it. Authorities diddle & daudle instead of hiring replacement for seismologist Austin Holland. What are Oklahoma authorities afraid of? Studying tens of thousands of frac quakes no one has time for?

The U.S.’s New Earthquake Capital: Oklahoma. “Some seismologists say that even if all disposal activity stopped in the state immediately, there could be earthquakes for decades.”

5.1 M: Oklahoma frac waste quakes rumbling bigger & bigger as USGS predicte

B.C. ‘enhances’ earthquake monitoring at oil & gas wells after last year’s fracking shake, 4.6 quake last year largest on record in B.C.; 4.8 on day of Ernst vs AER hearing at Supreme Court of Canada largest in Alberta so far

Were the recent deadly quakes in Italy also caused by oil and gas extraction?

2014 04 15: Oil drilling possible ‘trigger’ for deadly Italy quakes

Italy’s Emilia-Romagna region on Tuesday suspended new drilling as it published a report that warned that hydrocarbon exploitation may have acted as a “trigger” in twin earthquakes that killed 26 people in 2012. 

The scientific was commissioned after the quakes amid popular anger over alleged links to activities, particularly an oil field, a gas storage facility and a plant in the area.

The report said that activity at the Mirandola oil fields “may have contributed to trigger the Emilia seismic activity” although it did not “induce” it.

It found that the last previous tremor in the region and the first quake on May 20 were “statistically correlated with an increase of extraction and injection activity” at one of the Mirandola fields.

Extraction and injection “may have contributed, adding a minute additional load, to the activation of a pre-stressed fault system already close to the conditions required to produce a significant earthquake,” it said.

The report was authored by an international committee of scientists led by Peter Styles, a professor of applied geophysics at Keele University in Britain.

… Based on the report, local authorities in Emilia-Romagna said they were extending a ban on drilling activities in the earthquake area to the entire region.

“All new exploitation will be banned in the region until new data are gathered,” said Paola Gazzolo, a regional official in charge of land issues. [Emphasis added]

2013: Failure to Consider Specific and Relevant Studies “is Equivalent to The Death of Knowledge.” Italy judge says deadly L’Aquila quake was foreseeable, experts failed to accurately communicate risk to the public

Italian Earthquakes Could Go On for Weeks in Domino Effect by Reuters, OCTOBER 30, 2016

Geologists think there is a chain reaction of quakes occurring up and down the Apennine mountains.

The earthquakes that have buffeted central Italy over the last two months could continue in a devastating domino effect with one large quake leading to another along the central Apennine fault system, a leading seismologist warned on Sunday.

An earthquake measuring 6.6 according to the U.S. Geological Survey struck on Sunday in the same region where a 6.2 quake on Aug. 24 killed 297 people. In between there have been thousands of smaller tremors, including a 6.1 quake on Wednesday.

The latest earthquake caused no known casualties but was the strongest to hit Italy, one of the world’s most seismically active countries, since 1980.

Gianluca Valensise, a seismologist at Italy’s National Institute for Geophysics and Vulcanology, told Reuters there was a “geodynamic link” between the deadly August earthquake and all those that have followed.

Italy’s Apennine mountains that run from the Liguria region in the northwest to the southern island of Sicily are dominated by a chain of faults in the earth’s crust, each one averaging about 10-20 kilometers in length.

“An earthquake measuring 6 or larger creates stresses that are redistributed across adjacent faults and can cause them to rupture, and this is probably what we have seen since August,” Valensise said.

“This process can continue indefinitely, with one big quake weakening a sister fault in a domino process that can cover hundreds of kilometers, in principle.”

Valensise said Italy had seen something resembling the sequence of earthquakes in Calabria, in Italy’s southern toe, in 1783 when there were five major quakes measuring 6.5 or larger in less than two months.

More recently, there were three quakes around Assisi in central Italy in 1997, the first one measuring 6.4 which killed 11 people, another the following day, and another around 20 days later with many smaller ones in between.

“That sequence was similar to what we are seeing now but this is on a larger scale,” Valensise said.

Looking ahead, he said it was certain there would be aftershocks from Sunday’s earthquake for “at least a few weeks,” but it was not possible to say whether there would be any more more big quakes.

The risk is that, with faults to the northwest and southeast of the central region most recently hit, “if the process of stress redistribution finds other faults close to rupture level they could go off in the next days or weeks,” he said. [Emphasis added]

Two powerful quakes hit Italy near site of deadly August quake by Barbie Nadeau and James Masters, October 27, 2016, CNN

Campi, Italy (CNN)Two powerful earthquakes Wednesday struck central Italy about 50 miles north of the site of a deadly August quake that killed nearly 300 people, the US Geological Survey said.

The second quake — with a magnitude of 6.1 — was 3.2 kilometers (2 miles) north of Visso and 58 km (36 miles) from Perugia, the USGS reported.

Just a few hours earlier, a magnitude-5.5 quake struck the same region. The epicenter was about 9 kilometers away, south-southwest of the town of Visso. The first quake hit at 7 p.m. (1 p.m. ET) between Perugia and Macerata, according to ANSA.

This part of Italy is full of narrow roads linking small stone villages. Rescuers are fearful of mudslides and even of risking bringing heavy equipment up the narrow roads.
There have been no reports yet of injuries, although there was damage in Visso and another town, Campi, where the historic church, San Salvatore, was destroyed by the tremors — the first severely damaged the 15th century structure and the second finished it off.

CNN’s Barbie Nadeau, in Campi, said that there were constant, small aftershocks.

Streetlights, likely powered by generators, remained on in Campi, but the town’s houses remained dark. In many small towns, in the pre-dawn hours, there is little light, further hampering rescue efforts — rescuers are forced to listen for people calling for help.

The main square and the church in nearby Norcia, a couple of miles to the south, are badly damaged, but the church there is still standing.

In Campi, hundreds of people were sleeping in their cars, with blankets covering the windows. The cars are parked everywhere — streets, gas stations, parking lots. Some residents have taken their dogs with them in their cars.

Local media said one man had suffered a heart attack.

Residents were uncertain as to what might happen next, and expressed worry that another, bigger tremor, might cause even more damage.

The USGS said both earthquakes were shallow.

Visso is about 110 miles northeast of Rome and 50 miles north of Amatrice, the small town that lost about 270 residents when a magnitude-6.2 quake hit August 24. Another 20 people were killed in nearby towns.

“We don’t have any reported victims, but we’re in the dark and under a downpour,” said Mauro Falcucci, the mayor of the small town of Castelsantangelo sul Nera, according to state news agency ANSA.

“We’re waiting for the Civil Protection Department to bring us lighting towers.”

Tommaso Della Longa, a spokesman for the Italian branch of the Red Cross, told CNN that after the first shock, many people left their homes and were outside when the second earthquake hit about two hours later.

Nadeau was in Rome when the quakes struck. “Incredible aftershock or earthquake felt in Testaccio in Rome. Wow,” she said on Twitter.

She said many of the towns in the area are small hamlets that won’t be reachable until daylight.

Video recorded by CNN affiliate Rai television showed a road to Visso that was largely blocked by a massive boulder. Cars were having to carefully drive around it. Several stone buildings in the town had been heavily damaged.

Civil protection spokesman Antonio Flippini told CNN that previously damaged buildings had suffered new collapses and that part of the Salaria highway in the Marche region near Amatrice have been closed over concerns of structural damage.

Della Longa said buildings that fell in the area have been unoccupied since the August quake. The area remains off-limits. Many people displaced by that quake have been forced to move once again.

Police have offered those living in tent camps the opportunity to stay farther away tonight as the rain falls.

CNN’s Barbie Nadeau reported from Campi and James Masters reported and wrote in London. [Emphasis added]

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